Fixing Education: The Solutions
The consensus is clear: America’s school bureaucracy rots the quality of public education. Here’s how we can move forward and reform the system.
By Philip K. Howard
Bureaucracy is crushing America’s schools. That’s the inescapable conclusion of virtually every essay from The Atlantic’s America the Fixable education series — by experts from the right and left, by union leader Randi Weingarten and charter school innovator David Feinberg. Mere reform won’t work. The existing legal structure needs to be dismantled. Polling shows that’s what the American people want as well.
Inspired by the bold views of the essays from the series, and also by readers’ comments, I’ve come up with a proposed presidential platform for overhauling America’s public schools. It calls for a radical change in approach, replacing bureaucracy with individual responsibility and accountability.
REFORM PLATFORM FOR PUBLIC SCHOOLS
America’s children hold the key to our future. To compete in global markets, and to lead our society, they need to be knowledgeable, innovative, and true to basic values of honesty, hard work, and community. America’s public schools must represent a commitment to provide quality education and to inculcate these values in America’s youth.
A core element of all successful schools is the human spirit that energizes daily interactions. In many public schools, this spirit is suffocated by dense bureaucracy. These bureaucratic requirements were imposed in well-meaning reforms, but the cumulative effect is to repress the human inspiration essential to success.
It is time for a basic overhaul. The goal is to pull back legal and bureaucratic constraints so that educators can focus on their mission. They must be free to be spontaneous and innovative, as well as to present themselves as role models for our youth.
Overhaul should include the following reforms:
- There should be mutual disarmament of bureaucratic requirements by both school administrators and unions. Detailed rules should be replaced by general goals and principles. Disputes should be resolved informally by a school-based committee, not formal legal proceedings.
- Accountability should be a core value in schools, as it is in life. Teachers need a new deal, giving them more freedom with more accountability. Tenure should be redefined as financial safety nets and non-legal checks and balances against capricious management decisions — for example, one check that could be put into place would be a school-based committee to review disputes such as reassignment or dismissal.
- School budgets and programs must be adaptable, and must allow administrators to balance the needs of all students. No students should have first call on school resources.
- Teachers and principals must have the authority to maintain order and build a culture of respect. Due process should be available for long-term suspensions or expulsion, but should not corrode daily disciplinary authority.
America’s schools need to concentrate again on core values, not compliance with accumulated bureaucracy. The litmus test is whether educators are free act their best judgment. Not all will succeed, of course, but many will. Unleashing human spirit is the key to success in our schools.
This article originally appeared in The Atlantic on May 4th, 2012